Bronchoscopy

A bronchoscopy is a medical procedure that allows a physician to examine bronchial tubes in the lungs. This exam is used to help diagnose lung problems by providing a direct view of the breathing passages using a thin flexible tube called a bronchoscope.

COPD

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is often characterized by the combination of signs and symptoms of emphysema and bronchitis and is most commonly cause by the inhalation of noxious particles such as tobacco smoke.This leads to a limited flow of air to and from the lungs. In contrast to asthma, the limitation of airflow is poorly reversible and usually gets progressively worse over time.

Chronic Lung Infections/Pneumonia

These diseases include infections of the upper respiratory tract from mild cases such as a common cold to more severe infections such as bacterial pneumonia or pulmonary embolism (blood clot). Upper Respiratory infections include sinusitis, tonsillitis, otitis media, pharyngitis, and laryngitis. Lower Respiratory tract infections are commonly caused by bacteria in the lungs and can develop into pneumonia. Tuberculosis is also caused from fungi or viral pathogens.

Lung Cancer Screening

Lung cancer is the third most common cancer in the United States. Even more concerning is that it is also the country’s leading cause of cancer deaths.

Recent national trials have demonstrated that the risk of death from lung cancer is reduced by 20% when qualifying patients are screened using low dose Computed Tomography (CT).

Springfield Clinic’s Pulmonary Medicine specialists have developed a screening program, based on this research, to help identify, treat and ultimately reduce the number of deaths from lung cancers.

Who is eligible for screening?

Pulmonary Fibrosis

Develops when the alveoli, or tiny air sacs in the lungs that transfer oxygen to the blood become damaged and inflamed. The body tries to heal the damage with scars, but these scars collapse the alveoli and make the lungs less elastic. If the cycle of inflammation and scarring continues, the lungs become increasingly unable to deliver oxygen to the blood. This scarring can result from many different lung diseases, drug reactions, autoimmune diseases, or environmental factors such as allergies and toxic dust/gases exposure. Symptoms that develop without a known cause are called Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis. The disease is common in men and women and develops between the ages of 40- 60 years of age.

Pulmonary Function Testing

Pulmonary Function testing is a general term describing tests to assess a patient's ability to effectively ventilate his or her lungs. This consists of a broad range of tests that measure how well the lungs take in and exhale air and how well they transfer oxygen in the blood.

Pulmonary Hypertension

This is a rare lung disease that is characterized by increase pressure in the pulmonary artery. This artery carries oxygen-poor blood from the lower chamber of the right side of the heart to the lungs where it picks up oxygen. This disorder results in the thickening of the pulmonary arteries and narrowing of the blood vessels. The right side of the heart works harder to move the blood through these arteries and it becomes enlarged that may lead to heart failure.

Sleep Apnea/Sleep Disorders

Sleep disturbances are common among millions of Americans. Do you snore, have sleep apnea, insomnia, restless legs…all of these are sleep disorders that our department see and treat. If a visit to the Springfield Clinic Sleep Disorders Center is recommended after your exam our department would assist you in setting up a sleep test to better analyze any possible sleep apnea or sleep disorder.  Learn More

Smoking Cessation

Smoking cessation is the medial term for quitting smoking. Smoking cessation uses several different strategies ranging from medications and psychotherapy to special classes and programs.