What is arthroscopic surgery?
Arthroscopic surgery is a surgical procedure commonly performed to diagnose and treat problems within the joint by using high-tech cameras. To begin, the orthopedic surgeon inserts a small instrument, called an arthroscope, into the joint.
The arthroscope contains a fiber optic light source and small television camera that allow the surgeon to view the joint on a television monitor and diagnose the problem, determine the extent of the injury and make any necessary repairs.
What is a bone density scan?
A bone density test is used to diagnose osteoporosis, which is a disease that causes weakening of the bones ultimately resulting in fractures. In the past, osteoporosis could only be detected after a person’s bone broke; however, by using a bone density test, it is possible to know one’s individual risk of breaking bones before one breaks.
A bone density test uses X-rays to measure the amount of calcium and other bone mineral packed into the segment of bone. Common areas that are tested during a bone density scan include the spine, hip and forearm.
What is a cortisone injection?
Corticosteroids, more commonly referred to as cortisone, are a steroid produced in the body naturally. Synthetically produced cortisone can also be injected into soft tissues and joints to help decrease inflammation. While cortisone is not a pain reliever, you may experience less pain as a result of the reduced inflammation. In orthopedics, cortisone injections are commonly used as a treatment for chronic conditions, such as bursitis, tendonitis and arthritis, to reduce swelling, pain and joint stiffness.
What is a CT scan?
A computed tomography (CT) scan, also known as a CAT scan, produces images that are similar in detail and in quality to an MRI; however, the CT scan takes a 360-degree picture of internal organs, the spine and vertebrae. CT scans provide cross-sectional views of the body and provide clearer imaging than an MRI.
What is an epidural?
An epidural is a steroid injection used to help decrease the inflammation of spinal nerves to help relieve pain in the neck, back, arms and legs from conditions such as herniated disks, spinal stenosis and radiculopathy. In an epidural, cortisone is injected directly into the spinal canal. While some patients only need one injection to relieve pain, it normally requires two or three injections to provide significant pain relief.
What is a fusion?
A fusion is a procedure in which bones are fused together with bone grafts and internal devices (such as metal rods and screws) to health into a single, solid bone.
What is an internal fixation?
Internal fixation is a treatment to hold pieces of a broken bone in the correct position with metal plates, pins or screws while the bone is healing.
What is joint replacement surgery?
Joint replacement surgery is a surgical procedure performed to replace an arthritic or damaged joint with a new, artificial joint, called a prosthesis. Joint replacements can be performed on every joint in the body, but are most commonly performed in the knee, hip, shoulder and elbow.
Joints contain cartilage, a soft, rubbery, gel-like coating on the ends of bones (where they articulate) that protects joints and facilitates movement. Over time, or if the joint has been injured, the cartilage wears away, and the bones of the joint start rubbing together. As the bones rub together, bone spurs may form, and the joint becomes stiff and painful. Most people have joint replacement surgery when they can no longer control the pain with medication and other treatments, and the pain is significantly interfering with their lives.
What is an X-ray?
An X-ray is a procedure performed using a safe form of radiation to provide a two-dimensional picture of your body. X-rays are used as a screening tool to evaluate for causes of many common disorders, such as bone breaks, joint and spine injuries or conditions, and arthritis or osteoporosis.
What is an MRI?
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is an advanced technology using magnetic fields and radio waves (like microwaves and the AM/FM bands on your radio) to visualize the inner workings of your body.
The pictures produced by an MRI help the radiologist clearly and accurately detect and define the differences between healthy and diseased tissues, especially in the soft tissues. It can reveal many health problems at their earliest, most treatable stages.
What are NSAIDs?
Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are non-prescription, over-the-counter pain relievers, such as aspirin, ibuprofen and naproxen sodium. They are popular treatments for muscular aches and pains as well as arthritis and help in reducing swelling, pain and joint stiffness.
What is osteotomy?
Osteotomy is a procedure to correct bone deformity by cutting and repositioning the bone.
What is outpatient surgery?
An outpatient surgery means you are not required to stay in the hospital overnight; it is commonly known as ambulatory surgery. Our orthopedic specialists perform outpatient surgery at Springfield Clinic’s Ambulatory Surgery & Endoscopy Center, A+ rated by the national Accreditation Association for Ambulatory Health Care.
What is soft tissue repair?
Soft tissue repair is a treatment to mend or fix soft tissues, such as tendons or ligaments.