The Gynecologic Oncology department specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of cancers pertaining to the reproductive organs of women. We work very closely with radiation oncologists, medical oncologists, social workers and other health care providers to bring you the most comprehensive medical care.
The types of cancer we treat include:
Ovarian cancer is a cancer that starts within the cells of the ovary. Each female has two ovaries, one on each side of the uterus. Within the ovaries, eggs are produced, along with the hormones, estrogen and progesterone. Ovarian Cancer is most commonly diagnosed in women aged 50-65.
Early on, ovarian cancer may not produce many symptoms. As the cancer continues to grow, generally the above symptoms are most common.
Springfield Clinic physicians who suspect ovarian cancer in a patient will order some of the following tests depending on case:
Cancer that originates within the lining of the uterus (the endometrium) is the most common cancer of female reproductive organs. The uterus also has a muscular layer (the myometrium) and cancer can also originate within this layer, however it is rarer. This type of cancer is called a uterine sarcoma.
Springfield Clinic physicians who suspect Uterine cancer in a patient will perform or order some of the below exams or tests.
This is a cancer that originates in the cervix, which is the lower, narrower portion of the uterus. The cervix opens into the vagina and sits in between the bladder and the rectum.
Cervical Cancer Risk Assessment
There are several different types of cervical biopsies that can be used to help diagnose cervical cancer.
Vulvar cancer forms on the vulva, the area around the external genitalia, of a woman. This type of cancer may form very slowly over many years. View the anatomy of the vulva.
Most cases are diagnosed by taking a biopsy of the tissue and having it evaluated under the microscope.
Springfield Clinic offers genetic counseling and testing for Hereditary Breast and Ovarian Cancer Syndrome (HBOC) and Hereditary Nonpolyposis Colorectal Cancer (Lynch Syndrome).
This is an inherited condition that causes an increased risk for ovarian, breast, pancreatic and prostate cancer. A large majority of hereditary breast and ovarian cancer is due to a gene mutation in either the BRCA1 or BRCA2 genes. This can be inherited from your mother of father.
This is an inherited condition that causes an increased risk for colorectal cancer, gynecologic cancers (endometrial and ovarian) and other cancers.
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