Prostate cancer screening is a way in which doctors check the prostate gland for signs of cancer. In men, this gland sits below the bladder and in front of the rectum. It forms a ring around the urethra, the tube that carries urine out of the body. (Women do not have a prostate gland.)
The main test used to screen for prostate cancer is a blood test called a PSA test. Some people also have an exam called a rectal exam.