A concussion is a type of traumatic brain injury that interferes with normal brain function and causes temporary cognitive and physical problems. Concussions need medical evaluation, whether from an athletic trainer, sports medicine physician, primary care physician or emergency room physician. If concussions are not properly treated, complications can result, including permanent damage. 

Concussions usually happen with an impact to the head or body – a blow, bump or jolt. Because of the sudden change of direction or speed, the brain continues to move while the rest of the head doesn’t. The result is a stretching of neurons and other microscopic damage within the brain. 

Parents should monitor closely for the signs and symptoms of a concussion (make a link to actual signs and symptoms). Accurate diagnosis and personalized treatment will give you the best possible outcome. Contact a Springfield Clinic Athletic Trainer or Sports Medicine Physician at 217.528.7541 if any of the below signs or symptoms are present as a result of an apparent head injury.

Signs observed:

  • Appears dazed or stunned
  • Loses consciousness (even momentarily)
  • Cannot recall events leading up to injury, after the injury, or how the injury occurred 
  • Is confused about basic instructions
  • Is unsure of location, game/practice, or date
  • Moves clumsily
  • Forgets simple instructions
  • Slow to respond to questions
  • Mood swings or behavior changes
  • Is confused about basic questions 

Symptoms Observed:

  • Headache or “pressure” in the head
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Balance issues or dizziness
  • Concentration or memory problems
  • Sensitivity to light
  • Sensitivity to noise
  • Double or blurry vision
  • Feels sluggish, hazy, foggy or groggy
  • Confusion